Note on Website

In addition to who we are and what we do, this website contains links to all our monthly lectures on youtube. You can search using the name of the speaker or title of the talk. For example, Speaker Name or Title or Keywords, Video will give you list of Videos.

Friday, August 7, 2020

Donations to Tamil Heritage Trust

Tamil Heritage Trust is non-profit organization.  We depend on the good will of our supporters and enthusiasts to run our programs and workshops.  If you would like to support us, please donate generously to the following account.

Bank Details:

Account Name: Tamil Heritage Trust

Account Number: 08140200000610


Account Type: Current

Address:  Bank of Baroda, RK Nagar Branch, Chennai - 28

Monday, August 3, 2020

Heritage Speakers List

Speakers in India on Indian Heritage

Professor Swaminathan

R. Sankaranarayanan

Badri Seshadri

R. Gopu

Shyam Raman

Madhusudhanan Kalaichelvan

Dr. Chitra Madhavan

Saturday, July 25, 2020

Hoysala Architecture by Dr. G. Manoj

Questions and Answers after the talk:

1. Shilpa S Wadekar: Any yantra followed for building hoysala temples?
As far as my knowledge goes there was no such thing as the Hoysalas also followed the same Āgamas and Vāstugranthas as the other builders. After the selection of the ground for temple building during the laying if garbhanyasa certain line were drawn and deities were invoked. This cannot be considered as a yantra.

2. Jayen Mistry: Are the sculptures presented in a predetermined order or randomly placed?
The decorative sculptures on the outer wall are randomly placed and the narrative panels had to have a sequence. Only the votive sculptures were enshrined with norms.

3. VK Srinivasan: Are there any examples of Hoysala architecture with varying heights of Kutas in Trikuta or Chatushkuta or Panchakuta design? Are they necessarily to be of same height?
There are solitary examples of catuṣkūṭa and pañcakūṭa were the prāsādas are equal in height. In the original trikūtas the prāsādas are of same height. In those which have lost their original prāsādas and replaced by later ones all kinds of variations can be noticed.

4. vaijayanthi chakravarthy: ​Would like to have the quote the speaker gave on the stamba panjara!
Nāndi ślōka from Baana's Harshacharita and also found as invocatory verse inkalyanachalukya and Hoysala inscriptions.

5. Sripadma Ganapathi: ​There are also many repetitions of Narasimha ripping off the intestines of Hiranyakaship. Is there any specific reason why?
That is one of the four major forms of Narasimha i.e. Ugra Narasimha the other three being Yoga Narasimha, Laksmi Narasimha and kevala Narasimha.

6. Ravikumar Palaniappan: ​Are Madanika in prastara are found in Ajanta also?
These sculptures are discernible from Sanchi stupa period itself.

7. Ravi Shankarnarayana: What would be the resources required to build a belur/halebeedu temple today?
Some financial expert has to judge this.

8. Prathik Murali: ​Devakhullakas are 2 types as we see in the slide. One is attached to the bhitti another which is seperate. Can the one attached to the bhitti called as a Khanda Harmya ?
Yes, it can be called so.

9. Prathik Murali: ​That is an interesting hypothesis for the etymology of Srikara; but brahmi had already gone out of vogue for centuries during Hoysalas. How is it possible to account for it ?
Do observe some Hoysala inscriptions were Sri is written.

19. Ramjee Nagarajan: ​Any research on the Corn like structure in Hoysala sculptures before they were actually brought or introduced into India?
This is usually identified as the Beejapura or Maathalunga fruit. Some form of corn seem to have been indigenous as a similar form is found in the Vishnu sculpture at Badami cave number 3.

11. vaijayanthi chakravarthy: ​Did he say that following Pancharatra agama or the samhitas he mentioned later were the influencers in terms of the only Vishnu murti in Vaishnava temples?
Not necessarily they have influenced on rituals also.

12. Sashi Kolar: Any idea where the terms urdhva and ado jangha were sourced from? No other
temple architecture uses such a division of the bitti despite him claiming that
Vijayanagara gopurams do), and I hear the Karnata Dravida texts no longer survive. Is it true?
This term can be found in the encyclopedia of Indian temple architecture volumes.
I don’t think there were any sect of texts classified as Karnata Dravida.

Tamil Heritage Trust


Hoysala Architecture 

Some Unique Observations

A digital talk by

Dr. G. Manoj

On Saturday, August 1st, 2020 at 5.30 pm

Kindly register for the talk here

About the Topic

Contributions of  the Hoysalas to the field of south Indian temple architecture is not something unknown to the connoisseurs of  Indian heritage. These monuments are known for their elegance with crisp and intricate carvings. Hoysalas constructed innumerable temples but not of mammoth proportions. They embellished their temples with various sculptures. This became the identity of Hoysala temples. Many of the Hoysala temples are world heritage monuments today and are yet to be followed by many more for this recognition.


Popular features of Hoysala temples known amongst both the lay men as well as the scholars are that these temples possess stellite plan, built of soap stone and intricately carved. Though these are established facts, but they cannot be unanimously applied to Hoysala monuments. Some fall under this category but there are many examples which are exceptions for these norms. This paper concentrates on explaining the Hoysala temples with the mention of these exceptional observations.

About the Speaker

A researcher on temple architecture, Dr. Manoj Gundanna is an Archeologist by profession. He earned his MA and PhD degrees in Ancient History  and Archeology from Manasa Gangotri, University of Mysore. Currently a Research Associate with Maharani Lakshmi Ammani Research Foundation, Bangalore, Dr. Manoj is also a resource person with the Archeological Survey of India. His doctoral research was titled “Temples of Salem Region”. He was awarded with the PhD. in 2009. His doctoral work is being published by Bharathiya Kala Prakashan, Delhi under the title Temple Architecture of South India (Salem Region)” 

Dr. Manoj’s research work focuses on the study of ancient Dravidian temple architecture based on traditional agamas and vastugranthas besides the study of sculptures and iconography based on ancient Sanskrit texts. He has presented more than 50 research papers both in English and Kannada at various seminars and symposia. He has delivered lectures on Archeology, Music and Mythology in various institutions, religious organizations and to students of the Universities of Guelph, Mt Allison, and Concordia besides various universities and colleges of Karnataka. One of his books, Devalaya Vastu Vignana, is a reference book on Dravidian temple architecture for post- graduate students of History and Archaeology.

Dr. Manoj’s interests include Kannada and Sanskrit literature, Inscription and Manuscripts.   A multi linguist, he has several compositions in Sanskrit, Kannada, Telugu and Tamil to his credit. Planet Prayers, a trilingual commentary on navagrahskrithis of Muthuswami Dikshitar and Siddhi Vinayakam Sada Bhajeham, an exposition in English on Muthuswami Dikshitar krithis on Mahaganapathy are among his well-acclaimed books.

Tamil Heritage Trust

Contact: T Ravishankar 9500074247   

THT Website:

THT Facebook Page:

THT Twitter:

Thursday, June 25, 2020

Rock Cut Cave Temples of Mumbai by Dr. Suraj Pandit

Tamil Heritage Trust


Rock Cut Cave Temples of Mumbai

A digital talk by

Dr. Suraj A Pandit

On Saturday, July 4th, 2020 at 5.30 pm

Kindly register for the talk here

About the Topic

Mumbai is not just the economic capital of India but is also rich in its cultural heritage. It is home to three UNESCO world heritage sites. In addition to over seventeen prehistoric sites and more than a dozen and half forts, there are over 150 caves in Mumbai. Though the earliest known rock-cut caves are Buddhist, it is the later Shaiva caves that contain much classical art.  Shaiva Pashupata caves in Mumbai can be divided into three broad groups as Jogeshwari, Elephanta and Mandapeshwara.  These sites date back to the 6th century CE. These are Shaiva monastic settlements and, except Elephanta, continue to be so in some form or the other. They are key sources of Mumbai’s socio-cultural history of the last 1500 years.

The talk will be a brief review of art, architecture and history of these Pashupata Shaiva cave sites in Mumbai.

About the Speaker

Dr. Suraj A. Pandit, MA, PhD, is the Head of the Department of Ancient Indian Culture and Department of Buddhist Studies at Sathaye College, Mumbai. He has published numerous books and papers.  He is faculty for archaeology and Tourism and a recognised research guide in the subject of Ancient Indian Culture at University of Mumbai. He has served as the Project Director for several research projects. He is a member of Managing Committee of Asiatic Society of Mumbai and also serves on various academic committees of the University of Mumbai. He has designed various academic courses for Indian and International students.

Tamil Heritage Trust

Contact: T Ravishankar 9500074247   

THT Website:

THT Facebook Page:

THT Twitter: 

Monday, May 25, 2020

Baolis by Vikramjit Rooprai, Saturday, June 6th, 5:30 PM

Tamil Heritage Trust 
The Baolis of Delhi

A talk in English by
Vikramjit Rooprai
6th June 2020, Saturday 5:30 PM 

Kindly register for the online lecture here

About the Talk
Over the centuries, there have been many Delhis which served as the capital of various empires.  Stepwells or baolisplayed an important role in meeting the water requirements of the residents of these cities.    
The baolis were built in interesting shapes; many were three or four stories deep. Some were richly decorated.  Some had secret tunnels leading from them.  And all of them carried fascinating stories – about kings and saints and ordinary citizens.  
For example, do you know that:  
- The waters of a particular baoli was said to be so miraculous that you could light lamps with it?
- A baoli served as a jail to the top commanders of Netaji Subhas Bose’ Indian National Army?
- A popular baoli - featured in Aamir Khan’s movie PK - has an origin legend that dates back to the Mahabharata?

- At a certain baoli, people even today light lamps to worship djinns?

Vikramjit S Rooprai has written a book Delhi Heritage Top 10:  Baolis, a fascinating account of a handful of Delhi’s numerous stepwells.  The book is based on over five years of research. It stayed in the Top 10 on Amazon (Travel Illustrated Category) for long after the launch and went into reprint within 2 months of release, turning him into a Bestselling Debut Author.

In his talk, he plans to introduce us to the concept of the stepwells and then take us on a grand journey through the centuries as we visit some of the best baolis in the city. We will learn of the architecture, the formal history, the folklore associated with them and the current state of each of these baolis. 

About the Speaker

Vikramjit S Rooprai is an Author, Educator and Historian and Activist, who has developed creative ways to teach conventional subjects. He started researching Delhi’s Heritage in 2009 while he was still an IT professional and entrepreneur. He founded ‘The Heritage Photography Club’ to promote Indian heritage through travel & photography.  In 2015, he left his digital marketing career and turned into an Educator. He established 'Heritageshaala', where his team sets up Heritage Labs in schools and develops programs for Corporates, Teachers and Students to learn through events from history. He has been instrumental in setting up and managing

He has been an Auditor for UNESCO and the Aga Khan Trust for Culture and Education Quality Foundation of India. He has delivered 5 TEDx talks so far, 3 of which revolve around the education system of India.  He has been invited to speak at events in IIT and IIM and is currently a visiting faculty at the National Institute of Fashion Technology, Delhi.  
Vikramjit was listed by India Today Magazine as Changemaker of Delhi.  Hindustan Times & Outlook Traveller ranked his portal on Delhi’s monuments and his Twitter/Instagram handle in top 10 sources of Delhi’s Heritage. Times Now and Economic times titled him as a Good Crusader and featured him in their series of Whistle-blowers.
You can read more about him and his wide range of initiatives and achievements at

Tamil Heritage Trust Contact: T Ravishankar 9500074247     
THT Facebook Page: 

Wednesday, May 20, 2020

Potpourri Heritage Lectures by Seva Trust and other videos!

Badri Seshadri on Vettuvan Kovil, Vallabha Srinivasan on Pullamangai, Gopu on Kanchi Kailasanatha Temple, VK Srinivasan on Sittannavasal, Shyam Raman on Jaina Worship, Sivasankar Babu on Konark - An Enigma, and Shyam on Pattadakkal

Badri Seshadri on Vettuvan Kovil

Vallabha Srinivasan on Pullamangai

Gopu on Kanchi Kailasanatha Temple

VK Srinivasan on Sittannavasal

Shyam Raman on Jaina Worship

Sivasankar Babu on Konark - An Enigma

Shyam Raman on Pattadakkal

Friday, April 24, 2020

The Sun Temple at Modhera, Gujarat by Shyam Raman

Tamil Heritage Trust  
The Sun Temple at Modhera, Gujarat 
(குஜரத் மோதேராவின் சூரியனார் கோயில்)
Shyam Raman - ஷியாம் ராமன்

A Digital Lecture
2nd May 2020, Saturday 5:30 PM.
Youtube link will be shared via Facebook, WhatsApp and THT Website on the day of the digital lecture

About the Topic

The Sun Temple at Modhera, Gujarat is one of the gems of temple architecture in India.  It was built in the early 11th century by the Solanki king Bhimadeva.  Though it is partially in ruins, the ASI under whose protection it now resides, has helped it retain much of its glory.  The temple, its free standing ranga mandapa, the Torana and the Kunda (Tank) together have an ‘amazing profusion of magnificently carved gods and goddesses’.  The exquisite sculptures of the twelve adityas, the twelve gauris, the eight dikpalas adorning the external walls of the temple have made the temple world famous. 

The talk will describe the highlights of this splendid monument.  The talk will be in English. 

About the Speaker

Shyam is an executive in a Chennai based conglomerate and is keenly involved in the activities of Tamil Heritage Trust.


குஜரத் மோதேராவில் உள்ள சூரியனார் கோயிலை இந்திய கோயில் கட்டுமான கலையின் ஒரு ரத்தினம் எனலாம்பதினோறாம் நூற்றாண்டு ஆரம்பத்தில் சோலங்கி வம்சமன்னர் பீமதேவரால் அக்கோயில் கட்டப்பட்டது. தற்போது சிலபகுதிகள் சிதிலமடைந்திருந்தாலும், கோயில் இந்திய தொல்பொருள்ஆய்வகத்தின் கட்டுப்பாட்டுக்குள் இருப்பதால் அதன் பொலிவு மேலும் சீர்குலையாமல் பாதுகாக்கப் படுகிறதுகோயில், வெளியில் உள்ள ரங்க மண்டபம், தோரணவாயில் மற்றும் குளச்சுவர்களில் 
சிறப்பாக செதுக்கப் பட்ட வியத்தகு தெய்வ சிற்பங்கள் காணப்படுகின்றன. வெளிச்சுவற்றில் மிக அழகாக விளங்கும் பன்னிரு ஆதித்யர்கள், பன்னிரு கௌரிகள், எண்திசை தெய்வங்கள் இக்கோயிலை உலகப்புகழ் பெற வைப்பவைஇவ்அற்புதமான கோயிலின் சிறப்பம்சங்களை விளக்கும் இந்தச் சொற்பொழிவு ஆங்கிலத்தில் அமையும்.


ஷியாம் சென்னையிலுள்ள கூட்டு நிறுவனத்தில் நிர்வாகியாக பணிபுரிந்து வருகிறார்தமிழ்ப் பாரம்பரிய அறக்கட்டளையின் 
செயர்குழுவில் ஆர்வத்துடன் பணியாற்றுபவர்

Entry for the event is FREE; No registration required. The event will also be available LIVE. For further details, please visit &

Tamil Heritage Trust
Contact: T Ravishankar 9500074247    

Tuesday, April 7, 2020

Chola Site Seminar, Kumbakonam, 2020, Preparatory Talk Videos by Participants

Chola Site Seminar, Kumbakonam, Preparatory Talk Videos, 2020

Sharada Chandrasekhar on Melakkadambur Karakkoyil

Mangai Muthukumaran on the history of Sangam Cholas

J Ramki on some Chola Temples in and around Mayiladuthurai

Siva Thiagarajan on Rajarajaeswaram (Thanjavur Big Temple)

Viswanathan on Thukachi, Thiruvalanjuzhi and Manambadi

VK Srinivasan on Chola Meikeerthis. Read out by Badri.

Kishore Mahadevan on Nageswaran Kovil, Kumbakonam.

Sowndararajan on "Commerce, Taxation and Law during the Chola Period"

Prof Sivaramakrishnan on "Appreciating Chola Miniatures"

Sunday, March 29, 2020

Culturescaping by Prof. Swaminathan, 4th April 2020, Video

Tamil Heritage Trust  

Culturescaping - கலாச்சாரவடிவுக்கலை 
Professor Swaminathan - பேராசிரியர் சுவாமிநாதன்

A Digital Lecture
4th April 2020, Saturday 5:30 PM.
Youtube link will be shared via Email, Facebook, WhatsApp and THT Website on the day of the digital lecture

About the Topic

Landscaping modifies the visible features of an area of land to make it appealing. Culturescaping, in addition, attempts to sensitise public towards our heritage, a bio-aesthetic, spiritual, religious, ecological approach to landscaping. This is but feeling our culture in every step. Covering space to uncover our past, Turning idle minutes into enchanting moments, Let us have yesterday, Ode to our multi-faceted culture, Rhythm, harmony and balance, … and peace, are some  interesting themes.
Culturescaping as Sanga-ch-cholai is an attempt to celebrate our 2000-year old heritage where nature around the people provided substance for literary metaphor. agath-th-thottam and purath-th-thottam celebrate the literary expressions synergising both nature and literature inspired by it, for a visual, emotional and literary treat two millenia later! Similarly yappu-th-thoppu would be an orchard consisting mango (sweet and sour), vila and vilva trees, for these trees form the basis for the mimetic mnemonics in Tamil prosody. Lastly, a flower garden with the 99 plants mentioned in the kurinji-p-pattu by kapilar.

About the Speaker

Professor Swaminathan had a thriving career as a faculty member in IIT Delhi, a premier engineering institution in India.  He sought voluntary retirement, first to work in the Integrated Rural Technology Centre in Kerala and then moved full time into Culture and Heritage. He first established Sudarsanam in Pudukkottai to document the heritage of Pudukkottai, his hometown.  Subsequently, he was instrumental in establishing the Tamil Heritage Trust in Chennai and remains it founder chairman.


நிலவடிவுக்கலை (Landscaping) ஓரிடத்தின் காட்சியமைப்பை மேம்படுத்துகிறது.     கலாச்சாரவடிவுக்கலை (Culturescaping) கூடுதலாக பாரம்பரியம்உயிர் அழகியல்ஆன்மீகம்மதம் மற்றும் சூழலியல் மூலம் நிலவடிவுக்கலையை அணுகுகிறது. இதன் ஒவ்வொரு அடியிலும் நம் கலாச்சாரத்தை உணரலாம். வெற்று இடங்களை மாற்றி நம் கடந்த காலம் பற்றிய நினைவுகளைசெயலற்ற கணங்களில் நேற்றைய சாதனைகளை,  ன்முகத் தன்மை கொண்ட நம் கலாச்சார பாடல்கள் மற்றும் அவற்றில் ஒத்திசைந்த தாளம்நல்லிணக்கம்சமநிலை மற்றும் சமாதானம் முதலியவற்றைகலாச்சாரவடிவுக்கலை வழியாக வெளிப்படுத்த முடியும்.

சங்கச்சோலை எனும் கலாச்சாரவடிவுக்கலைநம் இரண்டாயிர வருட பாரம்பரியத்தையும்அதில் இயற்கைச்சூழல் எவ்வாறு இலக்கிய உருவகங்களுக்கு வழிகோலியது என்பதையும் கொண்டாடுகிறது. அகத்தோட்டம் மற்றும் புறத்தோட்டம் போன்றவை இயற்கையும்அதனோடு  ஒருங்கிணைந்த இலக்கிய வெளிப்பாடும் நம் கண்கள்புலன்கள் மற்றும் ரசனைக்கு விருந்தாகமுடியும். இதைப்போல் யாப்புத் தோப்பு என்ற பழத்தோட்டம் தேமாவும்புளிமாவும்விளாமும்வில்வமும் உள்ளடக்கியிருக்கும். இம்மரங்கள்தானே தமிழின் சீர் மற்றும் யாப்பிலக்கணத்தின் அடிப்படையாக விளங்குகின்றன! கடைசியாக கபிலர் குறிஞ்சிப் பாட்டில் கூறிய தொன்னூற்று ஒன்பது தாவரங்களைக் கொண்ட பூந்தோட்டமும் இதில் ஒன்றே.


பேராசிரியர் சுவாமிநாதன் இன்று இந்தியாவின் தலை சிறந்த பொறியியல் கல்லூரி நிறுவனங்களில் ஒன்றான புது தில்லி இந்திய தொழில்நுட்ப கல்லூரியில் சிறப்பாக ஆசிரிய பணிபுரிந்தவர். அதிலிருந்து தன்னார்வ ஓய்வு பெற்று பின்னர் கேரளாவில் உள்ள ஒருங்கிணைந்த கிராமப்புற தொழில்நுட்ப மையத்தில் பணி செய்து,  அதன் பின் முழுநேரமாக இந்திய கலாச்சாரம்  மற்றும் பாரம்பரியத்தை மக்களுக்கு கொண்டு செல்லும் செயல்களில் ஈடுபடலானார்.  அவருடையசொந்த ஊரான புதுக்கோட்டையின் பாரம்பரியத்தை ஆவணப்படுத்த சுதர்சனம் என்ற அமைப்பை உருவாக்கியிருக்கிறார்சென்னையில் தமிழ்ப் பாரம்பரிய அறக்கட்டளையைத் தொடங்கிஅதன் தலைவராகவும் இருக்கிறார். 

Entry for the event is FREE; No registration required. The event will also be available LIVE. For further details, please visit &

Tamil Heritage Trust
Contact: T Ravishankar 9500074247